In a moment’s notice, a hike can turn from an enjoyable afternoon to a serious situation which may require medical attention.
It’s important to know how to asses a situation and act accordingly before medical professionals can arrive. We’re going to talk a little about knowing how to tell the difference between a sprain and a fracture.
Additionally, we’ll talk about how to treat a sprain or fracture in the time between the accident and the arrival of professional help. Let’s begin.
Telling the Difference
Sometimes it can be difficult to tell the difference between a sprain and a fracture. In extreme cases, it will be more obvious, but most cases aren’t too severe.
A sprain occurs when your muscles, ligaments, joints or tissues are pulled and sometimes torn. The experience is very painful and it will be obvious that something has gone wrong, most times resulting in a large amount of swelling.
A fracture occurs when a bone has been put under too much pressure or is hit with a force that exceeds its ability to withhold. Sprains and fractures have a lot of the same qualities and can be treated similarly before medical attention arrives.
Here’s what to do in either situation:
How to Treat a Sprain or Fracture
When you believe the area is fractured, you should create a makeshift splint to hold it tight for the time being. You can use whatever is available to hold the area firm without constricting blood.
If the fracture is on your arm, make a sling out of an article of clothing to prevent yourself from using it too much. In the event of a sprain, simply find a way to avoid the use of that specific area.
In both cases, you should avoid any use of the affected area unless it’s crucial to your health to move.
Next, deal with any bleeding that might have occurred in the area. Apply significant pressure to the bleeding area and cover with cloth or fabric to cease or slow the bleeding. In the case that your bone is showing or out of place, don’t try to move it back into place.
Doing so can contribute to a lot of harm. Next, elevate the affected area and try to remain as calm as possible. If you have the option, see if you’re able to find a way to ice the affected area.
Place ice on the affected for 20 minutes on and off every couple of hours. this will reduce the swelling and pain you experience. Make sure to seek medical attention immediately if you can’t move a limb, you heard any snap, your joint or limb is crooked, or you experience a lack of feeling.
Need a Medical Brush Up?
Knowing how to treat a sprain is essential if you’re a relatively active person. Breaks and sprains aren’t the only potential dangers, though.
It’s essential that you know various medical tricks and tips in moments of need. Explore our site to learn more essential information.